Skip to main content

What happened this time?! EQ With a Healthy Side of Hum.



What happened this time?! EQ With a Healthy Side of Hum.

So I was on this job site the other day, with the classic set of challenges. The client had bought a high-end 2-channel system from the integrator: Wilson Duette speakers, Linn preamp, Moon/SimAudio power amplifier. After it was all up and running, the client complained there was "not enough bass". So, the integrator sold him a couple of JL Audio subwoofers and asked me to come along and make the whole thing work - setting crossovers, time-aligning the speakers, balancing levels, equalizing the response, and voicing. We used a trusty Ashly ne4400 DSP audio processor; it’s a pro-grade digital audio processor with EQ, crossover, delay, level - the works.



When I got to the location, things were a far sight worse than just "not enough bass". The installation of the EQ hadn't gone quite right; they had no audio signal, but a *lot* of hum. Client was steamed. So in I dove.

In cases like this, there's rarely just one thing wrong. First up the hum: The subwoofers were on different circuits. One sub was at the back of the room, and one at the front of the room to help with modal distribution, so we couldn’t magically get them all on the same circuit. My AC polarity voltmeter told us that one of the subwoofers had a power outlet wired in reverse, with the hot to neutral and neutral to hot, so we quickly remedied that. There was still hum in the speakers, but we decided to get the signal flowing before tackling that monster.

It seems in all the confusion that the audiophile cable company who custom made the interconnects to and from the EQ either didn't understand what we needed or didn't know how to wire a single-ended to balanced connector. They got some pins wrong and wires shorted, which led to the whole no-signal thing. Further complicating matters, someone thought the Ashly had XLR connectors, but it has Euroblock/Phoenix. So connectors had been hacked off and maybe there was some incorrect tie-down of the wires to the contacts. Regardless, signal wasn't flowing due to badly made wiring. We fixed that and got the signal back.

But there was still hum... In pro audio, the shield of a balanced cable is usually not tied to ground on both sides as a matter of practice to avoid hum loops. It is usually tied to the source side only. However, on these mixed signal systems, I typically leave the shield drain connected on the Ashly EQ side for both input and output. We did that, and it helped, but the hum was not gone (Like I said, there was a lot of hum).

At this point it had been a few hours, and the client poked his head in to inject, "WTF is going on in here? You guys are still at this?" Yes, sir; it's complicated!

After some more head-scratching, we discovered that the Linn was not properly earthed through the power connector. Attaching a ground wire from the Linn chassis to a ground pin on the Ashly Euroblock took care of the remaining hum.

OK, now I could start running some speaker and acoustical measurements. The room was big and reverberant (0.8s of reflection decay time), the speaker spectral balance was wrong and the soundstage imaging wasn't even close. The pair of speakers on their own displayed no significant bass below 400Hz (See the chart). The client was right; there was no bass, even in the speaker range, above the subwoofers!




EQ can do wonders for spectral balance in live rooms, and it did here. See the resulting chart:




In the end, we got it sounding pretty good. There still wasn't strong imaging, but it was improved, and at least there was nice, strong bass. We played some known program material with good quality bass, and confirmed that the system had all the bass we wanted. So we expected a happy client (finally).

Nope. The integrator got basically the same complaint a short time later. Not enough bass. Except this time the client was really pissed because of all the extra money and time we'd spent (not) improving the bass.

Back to the site. We put on some food music for the client, and asked if he heard the bass. Yep, he loved that. "So what's the problem?" we asked. Then he pulled out what he'd been listening to...some old rock 'n roll records from the early 70s. *Sigh*. Sorry, but James Taylor recordings don’t have the same bass levels as Cold Play or Daft Punk!

Talk about compounding errors! No bass from the speakers due to room acoustics; no bass in the music to start with; and an expectation of thunderous dynamics from having spent so much money. With some education and some tuning, we fixed all that.



Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Home Theater Has Come Out of the Cave

Welcome to the Fun Room

 High PointsThink beyond the theater boxGreat entertainment can be in nearly any spaceNew technology provides more flexibilityNew design solutions open the door for Interior Designers Overview Good news! With the latest technologies, we can move past the dark and secluded home theaters of the late 20th century! No more man caves isolated from the rest of the house. No more rows of theater seats formally lined up, as if ready for battle with action heroes. Imagine even having a glass wall or window so we can stay connected to the rest of the world? Instead of just a "Home Theater", we want a "Fun Room". But, and this is a big but, can we still have all of this and a great cinematic experience?

The answer is Yes, and this article demonstrates how to deliver on these requests.  The project in this example won Best Home Cinema Level II at the 2017 CEDIA Expo. Most people are not familiar with CEDIA (Consumer Electronics Design and Installation As…

THE GRIMANI FILES: Bringing Life to a Comatose Home Theater

This client was referred to us by the integrator, who completed this installation about 10 years ago. The room was a dedicated three-row home theater in an upscale neighborhood of Detroit. All the gear was state-of-the-art for its time - from the studio-grade speakers, to the professional HD video projection system. But the surround decoder finally gave up the ghost after several years of faithful service. The client heard that Dolby Atmos® was the latest thing, so he sourced a new processor. He expected it to be an automatic upgrade, but wasn’t aware that he also needed to add speakers for the Top and Wide locations. At any rate, it was time to install, configure, and tune the system for the new processor. I took the job and carved out two days - right before Christmas - for a quick jaunt from my temperate San Francisco Bay Area home to frigid Detroit. (Who doesn't like a little cold for the holidays?) While planning the trip, I found out that the system didn’t include any equalizat…

Fun Room Details

In Deep Thank you for reading the high level article, now we will go into a detailed explanation of this project. This blog expands on the details from the "Home Theater Has Come Out of the Cave" article.

The integration firm responsible for building this masterpiece is Audio Images of Tustin California. Our designs and engineering is only as good as the implementation and AudioImages came through on every detail.


The Room Shell The physical issues that needed to be dealt with to accomplish these goals dictated a few design solutions:


Sound Isolation The room had to be decoupled from the Great Room that is located directly above it. This prevents the sound leakage from disturbing the adults. Decoupling loosely means to build resilient wall and floor-ceiling structures with little to no connections to the house’s framing structures. The purpose is to limit every contact point that could mechanically transfer sound energy and interfere with daily use of the rooms.


Ceilings in …

Performance Media Industries, Ltd.

61 Galli Drive, Suite B. Novato, CA 94949, USA
[T] (415) 883-1476
[F] (415) 883-8147